Monday, December 3, 2012

Obligation of applying the sunnah

Asalam wa alikum

All praise is due to Allah the Lord of the worlds, and surely the prosperous
end is for the pious. And prayers and peace of Allah be upon His servant
and Messenger, our prophet Muhammad, sent as mercy to the worlds
and proof against all the servants. And prayers and peace of Allah be
upon his family and companions who carried, in the utmost accuracy,
honesty and complete preserving to the meanings and the words, the
book of their Lord Almighty and the Sunnah of their Prophet to the
following generations; may Allah be pleased with them and make them
pleased and make us among their sincere followers.
The scholars, in the recent and past times, agreed upon considering
the bases of stating the rules and declaring what is permitted and what
is prohibited are the noble book of Allah which falsehood cannot alter
it from before it or behind it and then the Sunnah of the Messenger of
Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) who does not speak from
his own desire (rather it is only a Revelation) and then the consensus of
the Muslim scholars. Scholars differed about other bases such as analogy
(Qyas); however, the majority of the scholars see that it would rise to
be a proof as long as it fulfilled its necessary conditions. The evidences
of the veracity of these bases are uncountable and known to all.

As for the first basis:

It is the noble book of Allah. The sayings of our Lord (the Exalted
the Glorious) proofed, in different places in His book, the obligation
of following the instructions of this book and adhering to it and not
violating what it declared as inviolable.
Allah almighty said: {[Say (O Muhammad, prayers and peace of Allah
be upon him) to these idolaters (pagan Arabs) of your folk:] Follow
what has been sent down unto you from your Lord (the Qur’ân and
Prophet Muhammad’s Sunnah), and follow not any Auliyâ’ (protectors
and helpers who order you to associate partners in worship with Allâh),
besides Him (Allâh). Little do you remember!} [Al-A’raf 7:3].
تَتَّبِعُوا مِنْ دُونِهِ أَوْلِيَاءَ قَلِيلًا مَا تَذَكَّرُون{ الأعراف: 3 � }اتَّبِعُوا مَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ وَلَا
Transliteration:IttabiAAoo ma onzila ilaykum min rabbikum wala
tattabiAAoo min doonihi awliyaa qaleelan ma tathakkaroona
And He almighty said: {And this is a blessed Book (the Qur’ân) which
We have sent down, so follow it and fear Allâh (i.e. do not disobey His
Orders), that you may receive mercy (i.e. be saved from the torment of
Hell)} [Al-Anam 6:155].
ترُْحَُمونَ{ الأنعام: 155 � تَّقُواْ لَعَلَّكُمْ � }وَهَذَا كِتَابٌ أَنزَلْنَاهُ مُبَارَكٌ فَاتَّبِعُوهُ وَا
Transliteration: Wahatha kitabun anzalnahu mubarakun faittabiAAoohu
waittaqoo laAAallakum turhamoona
And He almighty said: {Now has come to you Our Messenger
(Muhammad, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) explaining to
you much of that which you used to hide from the Scripture and pass
over (i.e. leaving out without explaining) much. Indeed, there has come
to you from Allâh a light (Prophet Muhammad, prayers and peace of
Allah be upon him) and a plain Book (this Qur’ân). Wherewith Allâh
guides all those who seek His Good Pleasure to ways of peace, and He
brings them out of darkness by His Will unto light and guides them to
the Straight Way (Islâmic Monotheism)} [Al-Ma’idah 5:15-16].
تَّبَعَ رِضْوَانَهُ سُبُلَ السَّلَامِ وَيُخْرِجُهُمْ مِنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ � يَهْدِي بِهِ اللَّهُ مَنِ ا 􀈇 }قَدْ جَاءكَُمْ مِنَ اللَّهِ نُورٌ وَكِتَابٌ مُبِينٌ ) 15 (
16- يَهْدِيهِمْ إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ{ المائدة: 15 􀈇 إِلَى النُّورِ بِإِذْنِهِ وَ
Transliteration: Ya ahla alkitabi qad jaakum rasooluna yubayyinulakum katheeran mimma kuntum tukhfoona mina alkitabi wayaAAfoo
AAan katheerin qad jaakum mina Allahi noorun wakitabun mubeenun
(15) Yahdee bihi Allahu mani ittabaAAa ridwanahu subula alssalami
wayukhrijuhum mina alththulumati ila alnnoori biithnihi wayahdeehim
ila siratin mustaqeemin
And He almighty said: {Verily, those who disbelieved in the Reminder
(i.e. the Qur’ân) when it came to them (shall receive the punishment).
And verily, it is an honourable well-fortified respected Book (because
it is Allâh’s Speech, and He has protected it from corruption. Falsehood
cannot come to it from before it or behind it: (it is) sent down by the
All-Wise, Worthy of all praise (Allâh)} [Fussilat 41:41-42].
تَنْزِيلٌ مِنْ � }إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِالذِّكْرِ لَمَّا جَاءَهُمْ وَإِنَّهُ لَكِتَابٌ عَزِيزٌ ) 41 ( لَا يَأْتِيهِ الْبَاطِلُ مِنْ ب�َ يَدَيْهِ وَلَا مِنْخَلْفِهِ
42- حَكِيمٍ حَِميدٍ{ فصلت: 41
Transliteration: Inna allatheena kafaroo bialththikri lamma jaahum
wainnahu lakitabun AAazeezun (41) La yateehi albatilu min bayni
yadayhi wala min khalfihi tanzeelun min hakeemin hameedin
And He almighty said: {this Qur’ân has been revealed to me that I may
therewith warn you and whomsoever it may reach} [Al-An’am 6:19].
}وَأُوحِيَ إِلَيَّ هَذَا الْقُرْآنُ نِألُْذِرَكُمْ بِهِ وَمَنْ ب�َلَغَ{ الأنعام: 19
Transliteration: waoohiya ilayya hathaalquranu lionthirakum bihi
waman balagha
And He almighty said: {This (Qur’an) is a Message for mankind (and a
clear proof against them), in order that they may be warned thereby}
[Ibrahim 14:52].}هَذَا ب�َلَاغٌ لِلنَّاسِ وَلِي�نُْذَرُوا{ إبراهيم: 52
Transliteration: Hatha balaghun lilnnasi waliyuntharo
And there are many verses carrying the same meanings.
And there are authentic Ahadith narrated on the authority of the
Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) encourage
adhering to the Holy Qur’an and taking shelter in it; they indicated
that whoever adhered to it is righteous and whoever neglected it, is
astray. Among these Ahadith is his saying in the sermon of the farewell
hajj: “I have left among you what will not lead you astray if you hold
fast to it, the book of Allah (Qur’an)” [Reported by Muslim].
رواه مسلم » إني تارك فيكم ما لن تضلوا إن اعتصمتم به كتاب الله «
And it is narrated by Muslim too on the authority of Zaid Ibn Arqam
that the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “I have
left among you Thaqalayn (two things having great value): the first is
the Book of Allah which includes the guidance and light; therefore,
you should take it and adhere to it.”
رواه مسلم » إني تارك فيكم ثقلين أولهما كتاب الله فيه الهدى والنور فخذوا بكتاب الله وتمسكوا به «
He incited caring for the Book of Allah and made it desirous, then
he said: “And my family; I remind you with Allah (to care) for my
family, I remind you with Allah (to care) for my family.” [Reported
by Muslim].
رواه مسلم » وأهل بيتي أذكركم الله في أهل بيتي أذكركم الله في أهل بيتي «
And in another narration; he said about the Holy Quran: “It is thecord of Allah; he who adheres to it is on the righteous path, and he who
neglects it is on the wrong path.”
رواه مسلم » هو حبل الله. من اتبعه كان على الهدى، ومن تركه كان على ضلالة «
Actually, there are many Ahadith with the same meaning. And the
consensus of the people of knowledge and faith, among the companions
and their followers, state the obligation of adhering to the Book of Allah
and judging according to it along with the Sunnah of the Messenger of
Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him).

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