Monday, December 3, 2012

Obligation of applying the sunnah part 2

Asalam wa alikum

As for the second of the three agreed upon bases:
It is the authentic Ahadith narrated from the Messenger of Allah (prayers
and peace of Allah be upon him). The companions of the Prophet (prayers
and peace of Allah be upon him) along with the people of knowledge
and faith, who came after them, believe in these basis and take it as
proof and teach it to the nation. They wrote many books on this topic
and made it clear in the books of the fundamentals of jurisprudence
(Usul Al-Fiqh) and the books of Hadith methodology (Al-Mustalah).
The evidences of this are numerous including what is mentioned in
the noble book of Allah about following him (i.e. the Messenger of
Allah) and obeying him till the coming of the Day of Judgment and
his being the explainer of the Book of Allah and the one who states
clear, by his sayings and acts and approvals, what are mentioned in it
shortly. Without the Sunnah, Muslims would never be able to know
the numbers of the prayers’ Rak’ah, the way of performing it and what
is obligatory in it. Moreover, they would not know the detailed rules
of fasting, Zakat, Hajj, Jihad and enjoining good and forbidding evil.
Also, they would not know the detailed rules of transactions and the
prohibited acts along with their punishments, which are prescribed by
Allah.Among the verses which indicate that is the saying of Allah Almighty
in Surat Al-Imran: {And obey Allâh and the Messenger (Muhammad,
prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) that you may obtain mercy}
ترُْحَُمونَ{ آل عمران: 132 � }وَأَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ لَعَلَّكُمْ
Transliteration: WaateeAAoo Allaha waalrrasoola laAAallakum
And His saying: {O you who believe! Obey Allâh and obey the
Messenger (Muhammad, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him),
and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ
in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allâh and His Messenger
(prayers and peace of Allah be upon him), if you believe in Allâh and in
the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination}
[Al-Nisa’ 4:59].
تَنَازَعْتُمْ شَيْءٍ ف�َرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ � يُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي ا مْألَْرِ مِنْكُمْ فَإِنْ 􀈇 }يَا أَ
تؤُْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْي�َوْمِ الْآخِرِ ذَلِكَ خَي�ْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا{ النساء: 59 � إِنْ كُنْتُمْ
Transliteration: Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo ateeAAoo Allaha
waateeAAoo alrrasoola waolee alamri minkum fain tanazaAAtum fee
shayin faruddoohu ila Allahi waalrrasooli in kuntum tuminoona biAllahi
waalyawmi alakhiri thalika khayrun waahsanu taweelan
He Almighty said in Surat Al-Nisa` too: {He who obeys the Messenger
(Muhammad, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him), has indeed
obeyed Allâh, but he who turns away, then we have not sent you (O
Muhammad, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) as a watcher
over them} [Surat Al-Nisa’ 4:80].فَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَفِيظًا{ النساء: 80 � }مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ ف�َقَدْ أَطَاعَ اللَّهَ وَمَنْ
Transliteration: Man yutiAAi alrrasoola faqad ataAAa Allaha waman
tawalla fama arsalnaka AAalayhim hafeethan
How could he (the Prophet) be obeyed and whatever people are
differed about is referred to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His
Messenger, if his Sunnah was not considered as a proof or not preserved
completely? If so, Allah would have referred His servants to something
that does not exist. Verily, this is the most evil and the gravest disbelief
in Allah and thinking badly in Him.
He, the Exalted the Glorious, said: {And We have also sent down
unto you (O Muhammad, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him)
the Dhikr [reminder and the advice (i.e. the Qur’ân)], that you may
explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may
give thought} [Al-Nahl 16:44].
تَفَكَّرُونَ{ النحل: 44 �يَ􀈇 }وَأَن�ْزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الذِّكْرَ لِتُب�َ لِلنَّاسِ مَا ن�زُِّلَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ
Transliteration: waanzalna ilayka alththikra litubayyina lilnnasi ma
nuzzila ilayhim walaAAallahum yatafakkaroona
And He also said: {And We have not sent down the Book (the Qur’an)
to you (O Muhammad, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him), except
that you may explain clearly unto them those things in which they
differ, and (as) a guidance and a mercy for a folk who believe} [Al-Nahl
يؤُْمِنُونَ{ النحل: 64 􀈇 تَلَفُوا فِيهِ وَهُدًى وَرَحَْمةً لِقَوْمٍ � }وَمَا أَن�ْزَلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ إِلَّا لِتُب�َ مَهلُُ الَّذِي اخْ
Transliteration: Wamaanzalna AAalayka alkitaba illa litubayyina lahumuallathee ikhtalafoo feehi wahudan warahmatan liqawmin yuminoona
Hence, how could Allah Almighty assign His Messenger (prayers and
peace of Allah be upon him) for explaining what is sent down while his
Sunnah has no existence or authority. Also,
Allah Almighty says: {Say: “Obey Allâh and obey the Messenger, but if
you turn away, he (Messenger Muhammad, prayers and peace of Allah
be upon him) is only responsible for the duty placed on him (i.e. to
convey Allâh’s Message) and you for that placed on you. If you obey
him, you shall be on the right guidance. The Messenger’s duty is only
to convey (the message) in a clear way (i.e. to preach in a plain way).”}
[An-Nur 24:54].
تَهْتَدُوا وَمَا عَلَى الرَّسُولِ � تَوَلَّوْا فَإِنَّمَا عَلَيْهِ مَا حُِّملَ وَعَلَيْكُمْ مَا حُِّملْتُمْ وَإِنْ تُطِيعُوهُ � }قُلْ أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ فَإِنْ
إِلَّا الْب�َلَاغُ الْمُبِينُ{ النور: 54
Transliteration: Qul ateeAAoo Allaha waateeAAoo alrrasoola
fain tawallaw fainnama AAalayhi ma hummila waAAalaykum ma
hummiltum wain tuteeAAoohu tahtadoo wama AAalaalrrasooli illa
albalaghu almubeena
And He Almighty says in the same Surah: {And perform As-Salât
(Iqâmat-as-Salât), and give Zakât and obey the Messenger (Muhammad,
prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) that you may receive mercy
(from Allâh)} [An-Nur 24:56].
ترُْحَُمونَ{ النور: 56 � }وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ لَعَلَّكُمْ
Transliteration: Waaqeemoo alssalata waatoo alzzakata waateeAAoo
alrrasoola laAAallakum turhamoona

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