Monday, December 3, 2012

Oligation of applying the sunnah part 5

Asalam wa alikum


When ‘Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him) was confused about
the rule of woman’s mourning in her house, after the death of her
husband; Furaia daughter of Malik Ibn Sinan, the sister of Abu Sa’eed
(may Allah be pleased with them), told him that the Prophet (prayers
and peace of Allah be upon him) ordered her, after the death of her
husband, to mourn in his house till the end of her waiting period; so he
(may Allah be pleased with him) ruled with that. And in the same way
he ruled according to the Sunnah when he sentenced Al-Walid Ibn
‘Uqba with the prescribed punishment of drinking wine.
When Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) was informed that ‘Uthman
(may Allah be pleased with him) forbids Tamatu’ Hajj, he intended
to perform Hajj and ‘Umra together and said: “I will not neglect the
Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon
him) because of the saying of somebody.”
When some people opposed Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with
him and his father too) in the issue of Tamatu’ Hajj, because Abu Bakr
and Omar (may Allah be pleased with them) preferred performing Hajj
alone; he said: “You are about to have stones poured upon you from
the sky! I say that the Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah
be upon him) said and you say that Abu Bakr and Omar said!” If the
person who violated the Sunnah for the saying of Abu Bakr and Omar
is liable to punishment; then, what is the situation of who violated it
because of the saying of people are inferior to them or because of his
own opinion and thinking!
When some people argued Abdullah Ibn Omar in regard of something
about the Sunnah, Abdullah said: “Are we ordered to follow Omar or
are we ordered to follow the Sunnah?” And when a man said to Imran
Ibn Husain (may Allah be pleased with him and his father too), when he was talking to them about the Sunnah: “Talk to us about the Book
of Allah.” He got angry and said: “The Sunnah is the explanation of
the Book of Allah.” Unless there is Sunnah, we would not have known
that Dhuhr is four Rak’as and Maghreb is three and Fajr is two, nor
would we have known the details of the rules of Zakat … etc. There
are many narrations about the companions (may Allah be pleased with
them) declare their glorification to the Sunnah along with the obligation
of applying it and warning against violating it. Among these narrations
is the narration of Abdullah Ibn Omar (may Allah be pleased with
him and his father too) when he said the saying of the Prophet “Don't
prevent your women from going to the mosque when they seek your
permission.” Bilal b. 'Abdullah said: “By Allah, we will prevent them.”
Whereupon Abdullah got angry and insulted him severely and said:
“I say that the Messenger of Allah said and you say ‘by Allah, we will
prevent them.’” [Reported by Muslim].
لا تمنعوا نسائكم المساجد إذا استأذنكم إليها. قال فقال بلال بن عبدالله: والله! لنمنعهن. قال فأقبل عليه «
عبدالله فسبه سبا سيئا ما سمعته سبه مثله قط، وقال: أخبرك عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، وتقول: والله!
رواه مسلم »! لنمنعهن
When Abdullah Ibn Al-Mughaffal Al-Muzani (may Allah be pleased
with him) saw one of his relatives throwing pebbles, he prevented him
from doing so and said to him that the Prophet (prayers and peace of
Allah be upon him) forbade it and said: “It neither catches quarry nor
hurts an enemy; rather it breaks the teeth and gouges out the eye.”
Then, he later saw him shoot pebbles, so he said: “By Allah, I will
never talk to you. I tell you that the Messenger of Allah (prayers and
peace of Allah be upon him) forbids throwing pebbles then you do it
again!” [Reported by Muslim].
رأى عبدالله بن المغفل رجلا من أصحابه يخذف. فقال له: لا تخذف. فإن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كان «
يكره -أو قال- ينهى عن الخذف، فإنه لا يصطاد به الصيد، ولا ينكأ به العدو. ولكنه يكسر السن ويفقأ العين.
ثم رآه بعد ذلك الخذف. فقال له: أخبرك أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يكره، أو ينهى عن الخذف،
رواه مسلم » ثم أراك تخذف! لا أكلمك كلمة
Al-Bayhaqi reported that Ayub As-Sikhtiani, the glorious follower,
said: “If you talked to someone about Sunnah and he said to you, ‘forget
that and tell us about the Qur`an’, you would know that he is stray
person.” Al-Awza’ei (may Allah mercy him) said: “The Sunnah judges
the Book.” meaning that it elaborates what are mentioned generally or
contains rules not mentioned in the Book.
Allah Almighty says: {And We have also sent down unto you (O
Muhammad, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) the Dhikr
[reminder and the advice (i.e. the Qur’ân)], that you may explain clearly
to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought}
[An-Nahl 16:44].
تَفَكَّرُونَ{ النحل: 44 �يَ􀈇 }وَأَن�ْزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الذِّكْرَ لِتُب�َ لِلنَّاسِ مَا ن�زُِّلَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ
Transliteration: waanzalna ilayka alththikra litubayyina lilnnasi ma
nuzzila ilayhim walaAAallahum yatafakkaroona
And we have mentioned previously the saying of the Prophet (prayers
and peace of Allah be upon him)” “I have been given the book and
what equals it, along with it.”
صححه الالباني » ألا إني أوتيت الكتاب ومثله معه «
Moreover, Al-Bayhaqi reported that Amir Ash-Sha’by (may Allah
mercy him) said to some people: “You have been destroyed when you
neglected the authentic Ahadith.”
Also, Al-Bayhaqi reported that Al-Awza’ei (may Allah mercy him) said to some of his fellows: “Whenever you are informed about a
Hadith related to the Messenger of Allah, you should beware of saying
something opposite to it, because the Messenger of Allah (prayers and
peace of Allah be upon him) was transmitting from Allah Almighty.”
Al-Bayhaqi reported also that the glorious imam, Sufyan Ibn Sa’eed
Ath-Thawri (may Allah mercy him), said: “The complete knowledge is
knowing the Hadith.” Malik (may Allah mercy him) said: “Every one’s
speech could be accepted or rejected except the man of this grave” and
he pointed to the grave of the Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace
of Allah be upon him). Abu Hanifa (may Allah mercy him) said: “If a
Hadith is narrated from the Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of
Allah be upon him), it should be accepted with submission.”
And Ash-Shaf’ei (may Allah mercy him) said: “If I narrated an authentic
Hadith from the Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be
upon him) and did not recognize it, you should bear witness that my
mind has gone.” And he (may Allah mercy him) also said: “If I said
something and it is proofed that a Hadith from the Messenger of Allah
(prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) is contrary to it, you should
neglect my saying thoroughly.”

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