Monday, December 3, 2012

obligation of applying the sunnah part 3

asalam wa alikum


And He says: {Say (O Muhammad, prayers and peace of Allah be upon
him): “O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of
Allâh - to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth.
Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). It is He
Who gives life and causes death. So believe in Allâh and His Messenger
(Muhammad, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him), the Prophet
who can neither read nor write (i.e. Muhammad, prayers and peace
of Allah be upon him), who believes in Allâh and His Words [(this
Qur’ân), the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) and also Allâh’s
Word: “Be!” - and he was, i.e. ‘Isâ (Jesus) son of Maryam (Mary),peace
be upon them], and follow him so that you may be guided.”} [ Al-
`A’raf 7:158].
يُّهَا النَّاسُ إِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ إِلَيْكُمْ جَِميعًا الَّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَا رْألَْضِ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ فَآمِنُوا 􀈇 }قُلْ يَا أَ
تَهْتَدُونَ{ الأعراف: 158 � يؤُْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَكَلِمَاتِهِ وَاتَّبِعُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ 􀈇 بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ النَّبِيِّ ا مْألُِّيِّ الَّذِي
Transliteration: Qul ya ayyuha alnnasu innee rasoolu Allahi ilaykum
jameeAAan allathee lahu mulku alssamawati waalardi la ilaha illa
huwa yuhyee wayumeetu faaminoo biAllahi warasoolihi alnnabiyyi
alommiyyi allathee yuminu biAllahi wakalimatihi waittabiAAoohu
laAAallakum tahtadoona
These verses indicate clearly that guidance and mercy are in following
him (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him). Hence, how could this be
possible while not applying his Sunnah or saying that it has no veracity
or could not be taken as basis!
He, the Exalted the Glorious, said: {And let those who oppose the
Messenger’s (Muhammad, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him)
commandment (i.e. his Sunnah - legal ways, orders, acts of worship,
statements) (among the sects) beware, lest some Fitnah (disbelief, trials,
afflictions, earthquakes, killing, overpowered by a tyrant) should befallthem or a painful torment be inflicted on them} [Al-Nur 24:63].
تْنَةٌ أَوْ يُصِيب�َهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ{ النور: 63 � } ف�َلْيَحْذَرِ الَّذِينَ يُخَالِفُونَ عَنْ أَمْرِهِ أَنْ تُصِيب�َهُمْ فِ
Transliteration: falyahthari allatheena yukhalifoona AAan amrihi an
tuseebahum fitnatun aw yuseebahum AAathabun aleemun
And He said: {And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad, prayers
and peace of Allah be upon him) gives you, take it; and whatsoever he
forbids you, abstain (from it)} [Al-Hashr 59:7].
تَهُوا{ الحشر: 7 � }وَمَا آتَاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا ن�َهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَان�ْ
Transliteration: wamaatakumu alrrasoolu fakhuthoohu wama nahakum
AAanhu faintahoo waittaqoo Allaha inna Allaha shadeedu alAAiqabi
Actually, there are many verses that carry the same meaning and they
all refer to the obligation of obeying him (prayers and peace of Allah
be upon him) and following whatever he came with. As long as the
previously mentioned evidences indicate the obligation of applying the
Book of Allah, adhering to it, abiding to its orders and prohibitions,
they (i.e. the Holy Quran and Sunnah) are two correlated bases; he
who neglects one of them has neglected the other too and disbelieved
in it. Indeed, this is infidelity, going astray and away off the course
of Islam, according to the consensus of the people of knowledge and
belief. Also, there are many consecutive Ahadith narrated about the
Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) indicate
the obligation of obeying him and following whatever he came with
and forbidding disobeying him. This ruling is for the people of his time
along with whoever comes after him till the Day of Judgment.
Among these Ahadith is the authentic Hadith which is reported byAl-Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurayra that the
Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “He who
has obeyed me has obeyed Allah and he who has disobeyed me has
disobeyed Allah.”
رواه البخاري ومسلم » من أطاعني فقد أطاع الله ومن عصاني فقد عصى الله «
And it is narrated in Sahih Al-Bukhari that the Prophet (prayers and
peace of Allah be upon him) said: “All my nation will enter Paradise
except those who refuse.” They asked: “O Messenger of Allah! Who
will refuse?” He said: “Whoever obeys me will enter Paradise, and
whoever disobeys me is the one who refused (to enter it).”
كل أمتي يدخلون الجنة إلا من أبى، قيل يا رسول الله ومن يأبى؟ قال من أطاعني دخل الجنة ومن عصاني فقد «
رواه البخاري » أبى
Abu Dawud reported by an authentic chain of transmission on the
authority of Al-Miqdam Ibn Ma’di-Karib that the Messenger of Allah
(prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “I have been given the
book and what equals it, along with it. There will be (near) time in
which a full man on his sofa says: look at this Qur`an and whatever
you find in it as lawful consider it lawful and whatever you find in it as
prohibited consider it prohibited.” [Authenticated by Al-Albani].
ألا إني أوتيت الكتاب ومثله معه ألا يوشك رجل شبعان على أريكته يقول: عليكم بهذا القرآن فما وجدتم فيه «
رواه أبو داود وصححه الألباني » من حلال فأحلوه وما وجدتم فيه من حرام فحرموه
Abu Dawud reported by an authentic chain of transmission on the
authority of Abu Rafi’ that the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be
upon him) said: “I do not want to see one of you leaning on his sofa,
hears about something I ordered or forbade, then he says: we do not know; we would follow (only) whatever we find in the Book of Allah.”
[Authenticated by Al-Albani].
لا ألفين أحدكم متكئاً على أريكته يأتيه الأمر من أمري مما أمرت به أو نهيت عنه فيقول: لا ندري، ما وجدنا «
رواه أبو داود وصححه الألباني » في كتاب الله اتبعناه
And it is narrated on the authority of Al-Hassan Ibn Jabir that he heard
Al-Miqdam Ibn Ma’di-Karib says: “The Messenger of Allah (prayers
and peace of Allah be upon him) forbade things on the Day of Khaibar,
then he said: “One among you is about to disbelieve me while he is
leaning (resting position); he would be told about my Hadith then he
says: the Book of Allah is between us and you; then whatever we find
in it as lawful, we would deem it lawful; and whatever we find in it as
forbidden we would deem as forbidden. Indeed what is forbidden by
the Messenger of Allah is like what is forbidden by Allah (Himself)””
[Reported by Ibn Baz with authentic chain of transmission].
يوشك أحدكم أن يكذبني وهو متكئ يحدث بحديثي فيقول: بيننا وبينكم كتاب الله، فما وجدنا فيه من حلال «
ابن الباز، إسناده صحيح » استحللناه وما وجدنا فيه من حرام حرمناه، ألا إن ما حرم رسول الله مثل ما حرم الله
Also, there are consecutive Ahadith stating that the Messenger of
Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) used to recommend
his companions in his sermon that the attendants should inform the
absentees, and he used to say to them: “May an informed be more
aware than who heard.” [Ibn Al-Baz, Mutawatir].
ابن الباز، متواترة » رب مبلغ أوعى من سامع «
It is narrated in the two Sahihs that when the Prophet (prayers and
peace of Allah be upon him) addressed people, in the farewell Hajj, on
the Day of ‘Arafa and on the Day of Slaughter, he said: “The attendant
should inform who is absent, because an informed person may be more aware (of what I said) than he who heard it.”

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