Monday, December 3, 2012

obligation of applying the sunnah part 4

Asalam wa alikum



رواه البخاري ومسلم » فليبلغ الشاهد الغائب ، فإنه رب مبلغ يبلغه من هو أوعى له «

Unless his Sunnah is a proof against he who heard it and he who knew
about it, and unless it would remain till the Day of Judgment, he would
not tell them to convey it. Hence, the Sunnah is a proof upon who
heard it from the mouth of the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be
upon him) and he whom is informed about it by the authentic chains
of transmission.
The companions of the Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah
be upon him) guarded his Sunnah, whether it is sayings or actions, and
transmitted it to the followers who came after them. Then the followers
transmitted it to their followers. And by this way; it is transmitted to
us by the trustworthy scholars from one generation to the next and
from one century to the next. Also, they gathered it in books and
distinguished between what is authentic and what is weak. Moreover,
they put known laws and criteria for knowing the authentic and weak
Ahadith. The scholars circulated the books of Sunnah (i.e. the two
Sahihs and other books) and guarded them well as Allah guarded His
Noble Book from the distortions of the mischievous, atheist and people
of falsehood; He almighty said: {Verily, We, it is We Who have sent
down the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur’ân) and surely, We will guard it (from
corruption)} [Surat Al-Hijr15: 9].
}إِنَّا نَحْنُ ن�َزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ اَحلَفِظُونَ{ الحجر: 9
Transliteration: Inna nahnu nazzalna alththikra wainna lahu lahafithoona
Surely, the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of
Allah be upon him) is a revelation; Allah has guarded it as He guarded His Book and He assigned to it great scholars to preserve it from the
distortions of those who want to neglect it and to guard it against
the explanations of the ignorant people. He assigned them to dismiss
whatever is attributed to it by the ignorant, liars and atheist people,
because He Almighty made it an explanation to His Noble Book and
expositor to the rules which are mentioned in the Qur`an shortly or
mentioned among other rules (i.e. the rules of nursing, some of the
rules of inheritance, the prohibition of having the woman and her aunt
as wives in the same time and other rules are mentioned in the sound
Sunnah and are not mentioned in the Noble book of Allah).
What is mentioned about the companions and the scholars
(who came after them) concerning glorifying the Sunnah and
the obligation of applying it:
It is narrated in the two Sahihs that Abu Hurayra said: “When the
Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) died some
of the Arabs returned to infidelity; so Abu Bakr said: ‘By Allah, I will fight
him who discriminates between Zakat and prayers’ Whereupon Omar
said to Abu Bakr: ‘How dare you fight the people while the Prophet
(prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “I have been ordered to
fight the people till they say ‘None has the right to be worshipped but
Allah’ And whoever says it waves his wealth and his life from me unless
there is a right for that”
Abu Bakr said: ‘Is not Zakat a right?! By Allah, if they refused to give
me even a tying rope which they used to give to the Messenger of
Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him), I would fight them
for withholding it’ Omar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “It was
nothing, except I saw that Allah had opened the heart of Abu Bakr to
the fight, and I came to know for certain that it was the truth.’


لما توفي النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم واستخلف أبو بكر، وكفر من كفر من العرب، قال عمر: يا أبا بكر، كيف «
تقاتل الناس، وقد قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: )أمرت أن أقاتل الناس حتى يقولوا : لا إله إلا الله ،
فمن قال : لا إله إلا الله ، عصم مني ماله ونفسه إلا بحقه ، وحسابه على الله(. قال أبو بكر: والله لأقاتلن من
فرق بين الصلاة والزكاة، فإن الزكاة حق المال، والله لو منعوني عناقا كانوا يؤدونها إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه
وسلم لقاتلتهم على منعها. قال عمر: فوالله ما هو إلا أن رأيت أن قد شرح الله صدر أبي بكر للقتال، فعرفت
رواه البخاري ومسلم » أنه الحق

The companions (may Allah be pleased with them) followed his opinion
and fought those who disbelieved till they returned them back to Islam
and killed who insisted on disbelief.” This story includes the clearest
evidence for glorifying the Sunnah and the obligation of applying it.
Also, a grandmother came to Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with
him) to ask him about her share in the inheritance; whereupon he
said to her: “There is nothing to you in the Book of Allah and I do
not know that the Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be
upon him) has assigned a portion for you, but I will ask the people.”
Then he asked the companions whom some of them declared that the
Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) gave one sixth of the
inheritance to the grandmother; whereupon he judged that she should
take one sixth.
Omar (may Allah be pleased with him) used to order his employees to
judge between people by the Book of Allah, then by the Sunnah of the
Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him), if they
did not find the issue mentioned in the Book of Allah. When he was
confused about the sentence of a woman’s abortion because of being
harmed by somebody, he asked the companions (may Allah be pleased
with them) about that. So Muhammad Ibn Maslama and Al-Mughira
Ibn Shuba (may Allah be pleased with them) testified that the Prophet
(prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) sentenced to giving the best
of a slave or a female slave because of that.

No comments:

Post a Comment